Over 45% of Filipinos view EDSA positively, but more Filipinos have a positive view of Martial Law

Over 45% of Filipinos view EDSA positively, but more Filipinos have a positive view of Martial Law
Over 45% of Filipinos view EDSA positively, but more Filipinos have a positive view of Martial Law

More than 45% of Filipinos have a “positive” or “very positive” view of the EDSA People Power I, but 56.5% perceive the Martial Law imposed under the late former president Ferdinand Marcos, Sr.’s term positively, public opinion research firm WR Numero reported.  

In its inaugural Philippine Public Opinion Monitor (The Opinion Monitor), WR Numero also found that 2.4% and 24.3% of Filipinos have a “negative” and “Very negative” view of the People Power Revolution, while 28.2% were undecided (See Figure 1).

The same survey revealed that 33.7% and 22.8% see Martial Law as a “positive” and “very positive” historical event, 20.2% view it negatively, while 23.2% are unsure (See Figure 1).

The positive perception of the EDSA People Power I was shared by 54.19% of the administration supporters, 62.40% of opposition supporters, 41.89% of independent voters, and 30.83% of unsure voters (See Figure 2). 

Meanwhile, the positive perception of the Martial Law was shared by 68.05% of administration supporters, 58.22% of opposition supporters, 53.68% of independent supporters, and 41.97% of unsure voters (See Figure 2). 

Moreover, the share of Filipino voters in Metro Manila who have a positive perception of Martial Law (75.50%) is also higher than those who view the EDSA People Power I (46.79%) (See Figure 3). 

This is also consistent across other key areas with 56.30% of Filipinos in the Rest of Luzon, 57.8% in Visayas, and 46.34% in Mindanao expressing a positive view on Martial Law. This is against the 45.57%, 42.13%, and 45.51% of Filipinos in the Rest of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, respectively, who had a positive view of the People Power Revolution (See Figure 3). 

This nationally-representative survey is conducted face-to-face every quarter among 1,457 Filipino adults, aged 18 years old and above, across the country between 24 November and 24 December 2023. The nationwide survey has a ± 3% error margin at the 99% confidence level. At the sub-national level, the estimates for error margin are ± 9% for the National Capital Region, ± 5% for the rest of Luzon, ± 8% for Visayas, and ± 7% for Mindanao at a similar 99% confidence level. No individual or entity, partisan or otherwise, has singularly commissioned the independent survey.

These findings form part of WR Numero’s flagship public opinion research initiative, the Philippine Public Opinion Monitor on the WR Numero website (www.wrnumero.com). A full report is available to the public on the same date discussing in detail the results of the survey as well as its methodology.

The Opinion Monitor aims to further enrich the Philippine polling landscape by pioneering a survey design that focuses on tracking Filipino voters’ political attitudes and preferences according to partisanship and voter type. This innovation introduces novel demographic groupings that matter most to understanding and analyzing trends in political and social behavior. It also gives attention to new demographic groups, such as different age groups (youth, adult, and senior) and genders (heterosexual, LGBTQIA+, etc.)

Index of Figures 

Hi-resolution files are available for download  at tinyurl.com/WRN-PPOM-PR3

Figure 1: Views on select Philippine historical events (1972 Martial Law and 1986 EDSA People Power 1)
Figure 2: Views on select Philippine historical events (1972 Martial Law and 1986 EDSA People Power 1) by Self-Identified Partisanship
Figure 1: Views on select Philippine historical events (1972 Martial Law and 1986 EDSA People Power 1)
Figure 3: Views on select Philippine historical events (1972 Martial Law and 1986 EDSA People Power 1) by Area